Why do Sharks swim near the shore? Can Sharks come to shore?

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Why do Sharks swim near the shore?

The surprising reason why sharks swim near the shore is that they prefer swimming in warm water.

As the water on the shore is much warmer than those far from the shore, so they prefer swimming more near the shore.

And also, researchers say sharks prefer warmer waters, so they’ll gravitate toward the shore if the temperatures are higher there.

Sharks may also be attracted near the shore by seeing their potential prey like baitfish, gulls, pelicans, and other coastal and marine birds.

So, if they do see their potential prey near the shore, then will come in and try to feed on them.

Also, when in the water they think about humans as slow-moving animals as compared to the other fast-moving seals and fast-moving aquatic animals they do feed on. So, it can also be that out of confusion or curiosity they come near the shore.

Sharks may get confused by looking at humans who are probably surfing or riding boogie boards near the shore. So, they may also be attracted to the shore thinking the surfers and board riders as that of a sea lion or a sea turtle.


Many sharks like the bull sharks, etc. like to feed in murky, warm, shallow waters near the shoreline. That preference of sharks often results in swimmer or surfer encounters and attacking them.

Researchers also say that sharks like bull sharks can attack out of curiosity. They being very territorial can accidentally attack humans coming to the shores thinking of them as trespassers.

Do sharks swim close to shore? Can Sharks come to shore?

Yes, sharks do swim close to the shore in search of food usually during the feeding time, that is during the dusk, dawn, and night time hours.

And yes, they can easily come to the shore, no issue in that. If they see a potential prey swimming near the shore, then they will be naturally attracted towards the shore to kill and feed on the prey.

You can easily see these 9 to 12 foot long shaped sharks trolling aside the surfers rip across the waves above in many shores like over the sandstone cliffs at California’s San Onofre State Beach in the springtime.

To get the evidence just fly a drone over the shore water and you’ll see many of them. And, don’t be super shocked watching these as do naturally come near the shore.

For example, bull sharks can be seen coming near the shore to eat several species of bony fishes and also other small sharks, some terrestrial and marine mammals, seabirds, and occasionally sea turtles too.

When there are a lot of people and sharks in shallow water together, most of the time nothing happens, as sharks are less likely to attack humans, but that’s not always the case.

However, swimming in groups and avoiding the water at dawn and dusk can reduce your risk of encountering sharks.

Better to avoid going far from the shore or at least into the thigh-deep water from the shore to be on the safe side.

How close are sharks to you in the ocean? And, How far are sharks from shore?

In the ocean, sharks are all around us. When you go to the ocean don’t ever think that you’ll only find them deep inside or near the shore.

The ocean is their habitat and so they are almost everywhere. You can see them coming to the surface of the water with their dorsal fin out of the water.

Or, you can see their reflection as they will be swimming a few feet deep from the surface of the water. Or, you can also see them near the shore in shallow water.

Now, it depends on the shark, where, how, when, and for what reason they can be seen in the shore or in the deep water or in the surface of the middle ocean.

In general, they come to the shore and surface of the water in search of food or for guarding their territory. In the deep ocean, they roam freely, mate, sleep, and continue their lifestyle.

While you swim, surf, and play in the ocean, either in the shore or somewhere far from the shore, sharks are often closer then we think.

And, How far are sharks from shore? Sharks remain the most active at a distance of 1 to 2 km far away from the shore. But, the fact, they also remain active near the shore during their feeding times can’t also be denied.

In general, shark attacks can occur in less than three feet of water near the shore or when you are far from the shore while surfing or riding boogie boards.

What is the shallowest water a shark can swim in?

Sharks can swim in shallow water that can be at least your thigh deep. They can easily swim in a 30 to 40 inches deep ocean shallow water very easily.

Many of the people don’t even know that there can be a shark in the shallow water of the shore or nearby. They go fearlessly getting into the water to swim, surf, or just get their toes wet.

It’s not a problem for some of the dangerous sharks like those of the tiger sharks, bull sharks, etc. to come up in and nearby the shallow water where they can barely move due to less water availability.

Altough shark attack is rare for humans, but such a danger can’t also be ignored when you are atleast in a 30 to 40 inches deep shallow water near the shore.

Just for instance take the case of the Hawaii beaches where viewing many tiger sharks near the cliffs in shallow water are one of the most common sights. So, shark attacks in such places are much more likely to happen.

It is also to be noted that not all sharks will attack humans. Just for the information, one of about 50 species of sharks are harmless to humans, but attacks do normally happen out of sharks’ confusions when they likely swim exploring the shallow water.

So, it’s a natural innate behaviour of sharks to smell and get attracted to blood and meat, as it is the best way to find their target prey using their awesome sense of smell.

So, even if you are in your periods time, or you pour at least a drop of blood out of your cut fingers in the water, or even you urinate entering into the shallow water of the ocean then you are more likely to attract a shark near you.

Sharks do like blood and get attracted to it, not in the sense of drinking the blood with the ocean water. But, in the sense of finding the prey from which the blood is coming out.

What to do if a shark swims near you? How to avoid sharks near the shore?

If you ever encounter a shark swimming near you, then don’t panic a lot. In fact, stay still for a while and do not take your eyes off the shark.

It is strictly recommended that you stay calm and do not make sudden movements. And, also try not to block the shark’s path.

If you are in shallow water slowly make your way towards the beach while keeping your eyes on the shark to notice its movement and act cautiously and defensively.

If you are in deep water try to keep calm and still as much as you can. Try to sail slowly towards the cliff or beach while noticing the shark’s each and every movement.

If you ever come in a position and think that the shark will surely attack you then my friend it’s the time to do or die. During that time, it is strictly recommended that you give a hard blow hit to the shark’s gills, eyes, or snout (end of its nose) only. This will cause the shark to retreat.

Remember one thing, you will always be at risk when you are in water and nearby a shark. So, the above mentioned ways are just the ways of survival, and not 100% accurate tips to protect the shark from retreating from you.

So, try to get out of the water as fast as you can. Even if the shark swims away, you are not truly safe until you are out of the water.

Do sharks come to shore at night?

Yes, sharks come to shore at night time. The dawn, dusk, and night time are their most-preferred time for feeding, and so they can be easily seen near the shore at night.

Just, for instance, you can easily find many tiger sharks in the shallow water of Hawaii beachside at night time hunting for their prey.

Now, this doesn’t mean that other sharks can’t come to the shore at night. Sharks can be close to the shore at any time of the day, but some species prefer to hunt mostly at night.

Some species of sharks can even go into freshwater rivers too for hunting.

So, do not swim or surf during these high-risk time frames, mostly at dawn, dusk, and night time. Make sure that the beach you are going to swim is being patrolled by lifeguards.

In fact, when we enter the ocean, sharks are all around us all the time and generally pay us no heed.

So, let it be day or night, their extraordinary sense of smell and the ability to detect the bioelectricity of potential prey give them a distinct advantage over most organisms.

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